Cannabis

Helping you learn more about your medicine.

Learning about cannabis can be confusing to those considering this healing avenue for the first time. There are so many new studies being published about the medical benefits and scientists are beginning to pin-point cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids and how they react in our bodies. We’re here to help you break it all down.

This page is designed to help you better understand the plant Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa and the Hybrids created over the years.
We include cannabinoids we select our strains for and finally we created a chart for you to see the terpenes we currently have in the 16 strains we offer. We are also learning about the flavonoids and will update this page with our understandings in the future.

Indicas generally have higher levels of CBD and other cannabinoids than Sativas, 
which may result in a sedated effect.

It is most commonly utilized by medical marijuana patients in the late evening or even right before bed.

Sativas generally have a higher levels of THC than lndicas, which results in a psychoactive and energetic effect.

Because sativa strains may cause feelings of alertness and optimism, many 
patients prefer to medicate with this type of cannabis during the day.

Hybrid strains are a combinations of both sativa and indica strains, and have been bred to combine traits.

There is no generalized list of medical traits for hybrid cannabis strains, as they are literally bred to encompass a wide range of actions, which vary from strain to strain

The Components of Cannabis

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that act directly and indirectly on receptors to help the body maintain stability and health.These are compounds found in cannabis that have been reported to have therapeutic benefits. The two most commonly discussed cannabinoids are THC and CBD. In fact there are over 85 different cannabinoids.

Let’s understand a bit more about cannabinoids. These chemical components interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in our bodies. The ECS is an amazing network of cell-level receptors positioned throughout the entire body.

These receptors, called cannabinoid receptors, are among the most abundant protein receptors in the brain, and you can also find these receptors in your organs, your skin, your bones, and connective tissues.

Metabolic processes the ECS helps regulate

Also found throughout your body are the cannabinoid receptors’ counterpart: endocannabinoids. These cannabinoids produced by your body bind with the CB receptors to complete a neuro-transmission process that affects almost every part of your body.

The goal, however, is always the same: to achieve homeostasis or balance in nearly every one of your metabolic processes.

This system was only recently discovered in the 1980’s by observing how THC interacted with receptors in the brain. Since then these receptors have been found all over the body – except for the brain stem – which is why it’s impossible to have a lethal overdose on cannabis.

Natural cannabinoids

Natural Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids

THC
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol
CBD
Cannabidiol
CBN
Cannabinol
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol is commonly referred to as THC. It’s a neutral cannabinoid popularized by its psychoactive effects. THC acts as a mental stimulant and is known for fueling appetite and increasing mental acuity.
Commonly referred to as CBD, Cannabidiol is a non psychoactive compound. Concentrations of Cannabidiol counteract THC, while maintaining symptom relief. People have become interested in medicinal cannabis because of CBD. Found in much smaller percentages than THC or CBD, CBN begins to appear only when THC starts to degrade. It’s not a weakness. CBN is an important chemical compound aiding in sleep and pain relief.
CBC
Cannabichromene
CBG
Cannabigerol
THCV
Tetrahydrocannabivarin
Cannabichromene (CBC) is more bountiful by percentage than CBD, but has received much less research attention. This second place compound may be mood enhancing. Think positivity and relaxation.Before becoming THC or CBD, life begins as Cannabigerol. CBG is non psychoactive and a minor compound found in trace percentages in medicinal cannabis. CBG is more detectable in hemp.Closely related to THC, Tetrahydrocannabivarin’s chemical structure is similar, but engages our cannabinoid receptors differently. THCV is psychoactive. It’s being researched for its appetite suppressant and anticonvulsant properties.

Terpenes

Terpenes are essential oils that exist in all kinds of plants. They’re what wafts off of pine needles, giving them their woodsy, piney smell, oranges their citrusy smell, and lavender its sweet, fresh fragrance.

In cannabis, terpenes are made along with cannabinoids such as CBD and THC inside the plant’s trichomes. Trichomes are the mushroom-shaped, crystalline hairs covering the leaves and buds of the cannabis plant. 

Researchers have identified over 100 individual terpenes in the cannabis plant, each with their own specific effects on a cannabis consumer’s brain and body.

The particular flavor and scent of a cannabis strain are determined by its terpene profile, which also directly correlates how each strain will affect a consumer.

Some terpenes, such as ones with a floral, citrusy taste, can enhance relaxation and stress relief. Others that have a more piney, woodsy taste may boost energy or improve concentration.

The physical or mental effects of any one terpene can be altered by the presence of other terpenes or cannabinoids in what is known as the “entourage effect.”

While this can make it difficult to predict exactly what effect a specific cannabis strain may have on the person consuming it, understanding the different terpenes and their benefits provides a good general idea of how each strain may affect you. 

Above information researched and written by Green Flower

The chart below is one we made and hangs in our storefront. We have broken down the different primary and secondary terpenes in each of our 16 strains. We have also included where each terpene is found naturally, such as sage or peppermint, so our patients can learn and use these items in their healing.

Big Sky Herbals and Edibles Terpene chart